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华夏棋牌  1934NIAN12YUEZHI1935NIAN3YUE,ZHONGYANGHONGJUNZHANGZHENGZAIGUIZHOUQIJIAN,DANGZHONGYANGZHAOKAILEYIZUNYIHUIYIWEIDAIBIAODE,BAOKUOLIPINGHUIYI、HOUCHANGHUIYI、JIMINGSANSHENGHUIYI、GOUBAHUIYIDENGYIXILIEZHONGYAOHUIYI,ZHEIXIEHUIYIYAOMEWEIZUNYIHUIYIDEZHAOKAIZUOLEZHONGYAOPUDIAN,YAOMEWEIZUNYIHUIYICHENGGUODESHIXIANZUOLEZHONGDAGONGXIAN,SHIZUNYIHUIYIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。YINCIZAIGUANGYIDECENGMIANSHANG,ZUNYIHUIYISHIYOUYIXILIEHUIYIZUCHENGDE。ZUNYIHUIYISHIXIANLEDANGDELISHISHANGDIYICIWEIDAZHUANZHE,BUJINZAIZUIWEIJIDESHIKEZHENGQUEDIGAIBIANLEDANGZHONGYANGDELINGDAOHEXIN,GAIBIANLEDANGDESIXIANGLUXIAN,GAIBIANLEDANGDEJUNSHILUXIAN,WANJIULEZHONGGUOGEMING,ERQIEYERANGDANGZAIJITIFANSIZHONGSHIXIANJINGSHENNIEPAN,ZHUJIULEWEIDADEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN。ZAIJINTIANSHIXIANZHONGGUOMENGBIXUHONGYANGZHONGGUOJINGSHENDESHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,ZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENYINQILEYUELAIYUEDUODEGUANZHU。2010NIAN9YUE,LIZHANSHU(SHIRENZHONGGONGGUIZHOUSHENGWEISHUJI)ZAIZUNYIKAOCHASHIZHICHU:“ZUNYIHUIYITUCHUTIXIANLEJIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWUDEJINGSHEN,TUCHUTIXIANLEGUQUANDAJU、JINMITUANJIEDEJINGSHEN。”2011NIAN7YUE,LIUYUNSHAN(SHIRENZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUWEIYUAN、SHUJICHUSHUJI、ZHONGXUANBUBUZHANG)SHICHAZUNYISHIZHICHU:“GUIZHOUYOUZHESHENHOUDELISHIWENHUAJIDIAN,YOUZHEGUANGRONGDEGEMINGCHUANTONG,ZHUJIULEWEIDADEZHANGZHENGJINGSHEN、ZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN,GAIKUOQILAIJIUSHI‘YONGYUTUPO,GANYUCHAOYUE,SHANYUZHUANBIAN,GONGJIANKENAN’DEJINGSHEN,ZHEISHITUIDONGGUIZHOUFAZHANDEBAOGUICAIFU”。2012NIAN,SHIZHONGQUANZHUANWENRENWEI:“ZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENNEIHANKEYICHUBUBIAOSHUWEI:JIANDINGXINNIAN,ZHONGCHENGGEMING;JIANCHIZHENLI,SHISHIQIUSHI;GUQUANDAJU,MINZHUTUANJIE;DULIZIZHU,SHIXIANZHUANZHE。”(SHIZHONGQUAN:《ZAITANZUNYIHUIYI——CHUYIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN》,《ZHONGGUOYANANGANBUXUEYUANXUEBAO》2012NIANDI4QI。)DENGXIAOPINGYIZHONGYANGMISHUZHANGDESHENFENQINLILEZUNYIHUIYI,GENGYIQIZHONGDADERENSHENGZHUANZHEJIANZHENGLEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEWEIDA。CIHOU,TAYOUZAIZHANGQIDEGEMING、JIANSHEHEGAIGESHIJIANZHONGJIANXINGHEHONGYANGLEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN,KAIPILEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEXINJINGJIE。

  YI、DENGXIAOPINGSHIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEJIANZHENGZHE

  RUGUOSHUOZUNYIHUIYISHIXIANLEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEWEIDAZHUANZHE,NEIMEZHEIZHONGZHUANZHEYEZHESHEZAIYIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODE,BAOKUODENGXIAOPINGZAINEIDEYIPIJIANCHIZHENGQUELUXIANTONGZHIDERENSHENGGUIJISHANG。DENGXIAOPINGZAI70DUONIANDEFENDOULICHENGZHONG,JINGLIGUOXUDUOKANKE,YOUGUO“SANLUOSANQI”,QIRENSHENGZHONGDIYICI“LUO”YUWANGMING“ZUO”QINGLUXIANDETONGZHIJINMIXIANGGUAN,CIHOUDE“QI”ZEYUZUNYIHUIYIDUI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUTONGZHIDEZHONGJIEJINMIXIANGLIAN。ZUOWEIQINLIZHE,DENGXIAOPINGYIQIDIEDANGQIFUDERENSHENGZHUANZHE,JIANZHENGLEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEWEIDA。

华夏棋牌  1931NIAN11YUE,SUQUZHONGYANGJUZAIRUIJINZHAOKAILEZHONGYANGSUQUDANGDEDIYICIDAIBIAODAHUI(SHICHENGGANNANHUIYI),PIPINGMAOZEDONGSHI“YOUQING”“FUNONGLUXIAN”“XIAAIJINGYANLUN”DENG,ZAITAOLUNTONGGUO《ZHENGZHIJUEYIAN》DENGWENJIANSHI,RUIJINXIANWEISHUJIDENGXIAOPING、YONGJITAITEWEISHUJIMAOZETAN、GANDONGTEWEISHUJIXIEWEIJUN、ZONGQIANWEIXUANCHUANBUBUZHANGGUBODENG,DOUBIAOSHIBUTONGYIJUEYIANZHONGDUIMAOZEDONGHEZHONGYANGSUQUGONGZUODEPIPING。SUWEIAIZHONGYANGZHENGFUCHENGLIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGZAIRUIJIN、“HUIXUNAN”GONGZUOSHI,TONGMAOZETAN、XIEWEIJUN、GUBOYOUJIAODUOJIECHU,TANHUAHETAOLUNWENTIZHONGCHANSHENGXUDUOGONGSHI。1933NIAN1YUE,LINSHIZHONGYANGQIANDAORUIJINHOU,WEIQUANMIANTUIXINGWANGMING“ZUO”QINGCUOWULUXIAN,KAISHIDUIJUBUZHIXINGZHONGYANGLUXIANDETONGZHIJINXINGZHENGZHI。2YUE,LINSHIZHONGYANGSHOUXIANZAIFUJIANKAIZHANFANDUI“LUOMINGLUXIAN”DEDOUZHENG;3YUE,YOUZAIJIANGXIKAIZHANFANDUI“JIANGXILUOMINGLUXIANDEDOUZHENG”,MAOTOUZHIZHIYONGHUHEZHICHIMAOZEDONGZHENGQUEZHUZHANGDEDENGXIAOPING、MAOZETAN、XIEWEIJUN、GUBO。CIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGDUOCISHOUDAOPIPANHEDAJI,BEIWUZHIWEI“LUOMINGLUXIAN”ZAIJIANGXIDECHUANGZAOZHE,TONGSHISHIFANDANGDEPAIBIEHEXIAOZUZHIDELINGXIU。QIJIAN,DENGXIAOPINGHAIBEICHEXIAOJIANGXISHENGWEIXUANCHUANBUBUZHANGZHIWU,BEIZHILINGDAOBIANQUXUNSHIGONGZUOHEJIESHOULAODONGGAIZAO,DIERURENSHENGZHONGDIYIGEDIGU。

华夏棋牌  DANSHI,ZHEIZHONGJUMIANZAIZUNYIHUIYIQIJIANKAISHIZHUANBIAN。1934NIAN10YUE,DENGXIAOPINGYI《HONGXING》BAOZHUBIANDESHENFENSUIZHONGYANGHONGJUNZHANGZHENG。ZHANGZHENGKAISHIHOU,GUANGDAGANBU、ZHANSHIYANKANDIWUCIFAN“WEIJIAO”YILAIDEDIECISHILI、BINYUJUEJING,BUMANQINGXURIYIZENGZHANG,DAOXIANGJIANGZHANYIZHIHOUDADAODINGDIAN。ZAIMAOZEDONGDENGRENDENULIXIA,ZHONGYANGHONGJUNZHUANBINGGUIZHOU,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUXIANHOUZHAOKAILIPINGHUIYI、HOUCHANGHUIYI,FANDUI“ZUO”QINGCUOWULUXIANDELILIANGZHUJIANJIJU,WEIZUNYIHUIYIDEZHENGSHIZHAOKAIZUOLEHENHAODEPUDIAN。ZAICIBEIJINGXIA,DENGXIAOPINGDERENSHENGMINGYUNYEKAISHIFASHENGZHONGYAOZHUANZHE。LIPINGHUIYIZHIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGCONG《HONGXING》BAOZHUBIANDEGANGWEIDIAORENZHONGYANGMISHUZHANG,FUZEZHONGYANGSHOUZHANGDESHENGHUO、HUIYIJILUHEJINGWEIGONGZUO。1935NIAN1YUE7RI,HONGJUNZHANLINGZUNYIHOUDEDAOSHIYUTIANDEXIUZHENG,ZHONGYANGJUEDINGZAICIZHAOKAIYICIZHENGZHIJUHUIYI,DENGXIAOPINGJINRUZUNYIHOUHEMAOZEDONGDENGZHUZAIYIQI,CANYUHUIYICHOUBEIGONGZUO。1YUE15RIZHI17RI,ZUNYIHUIYIZHENGSHIZHAOKAI,DENGXIAOPINGZISHIZHIZHONGCANJIALEHUIYI。HUIYIJIESHULEWANGMING“ZUO”QINGJIAOTIAOZHUYIZAIDANGZHONGYANGDETONGZHI,QUELILEMAOZEDONGZAIQUANDANGDELINGDAODIWEI。DENGXIAOPINGYINDIZHIHEFANDUI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUERZAODAODAJIDELISHI,CHENGLETAJIANCHIMAOZEDONGZHENGQUELUXIANDEZHENGMING。YINCI,ZUNYIHUIYIDUI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUDEPIPAN,CONGSHIZHISHANGQUXIAOLE“ZUO”QINGJIAOTIAOZHUYIZHEQIANGJIAZAIDENGXIAOPINGTOUSHANGDEGEZHONG“MAOZI”。CIHOU,SUIZHEMAOZEDONGZAIQUANDANGLINGXIUDIWEIDEQUELI,DENGXIAOPINGJINYIBUDEDAOZHONGYANGDEXINRENHEZHONGSHI,YU1935NIAN6YUEDIAORENHONG1JUNTUANZHENGZHIBUXUANCHUANBUBUZHANG,JINRUZUOZHANDIYIXIAN。ZHONGYANGHONGJUNZHANGZHENGJIESHUHOU,DENGXIAOPINGDEDIWEIBUDUANSHANGSHENG,XIANHOUDANRENHONG1JUNTUANZHENGZHIBUFUZHUREN、ZHUREN,BALUJUNZHENGZHIBUFUZHUREN,129SHIZHENGWEI,ZHIZHIDANGDEBAJIEYIZHONGQUANHUISHANGDANGXUANWEIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEI、ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZONGSHUJI,CHENGWEIYIMAOZEDONGWEIHEXINDEDIYIDAIZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITIDEZHONGYAOCHENGYUAN。

  HUOXUSHIRENSHENGDEZHONGYAOZHUANZHE,SUOYIGENGJIAKEGUMINGXIN。1958NIAN11YUE18RI,DENGXIAOPINGCANGUANZUNYIHUIYIJINIANGUAN。“CHUANGUOCHENLIESHI,TASHANGZHAIXIAOLOUTI,ZOUJINKAIHUIDEFANGJIAN,DENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIKANDAOFANGJIANYIJIUSHIDANGNIANDEBAISHEYANGZI,SHITALIKEXIANGQILEDANGNIANKAIHUISHIDEQINGJING,TAKENDINGDESHUO:‘HUIYIJIUZAIZHEILIKAIDE。’TAZHIZHEKAOLIBIANDEYIJIAO,‘WOJIUZUOZAINEILI。’”(SHIYONGYAN:《DENGXIAOPINGYUZUNYIHUIYI》,《GUIZHOUWENSHITIANDI》1994NIANDI3QI。)BUJINRUCI,DENGXIAOPINGHAIZAIDUOGECHANGHEGAODUPINGJIALEZUNYIHUIYI。1943NIAN,TAZAI《ZAIBEIFANGJUDANGXIAOZHENGFENGDONGYUANHUISHANGDEJIANGHUA》ZHONGZHICHU:“WODANGZICONGYIJIUSANWUNIANYIYUEZUNYIHUIYIZHIHOU,ZAIYIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEDANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOZHIXIA,CHEDIKEFULEDANGNEI‘ZUO’YOUQINGJIHUIZHUYI,YISAOZHUGUANZHUYI、ZONGPAIZHUYIHEDANGBAGUDEQIFEN,BADANGDESHIYEWANQUANFANGZAIZHONGGUOHUADEMALIEZHUYI,JIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEZHIDAOZHIXIA,ZHIDAOXIANZAIYIJINGJIUNIANDESHIJIAN,BUDANMEIYOUFANGUOCUOWU,ERQIEYIZHISHISHENGLIDIFAZHANZHE。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI1JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1994NIAN,DI88YE。)1962NIAN,TAYOUZAI《ZAIKUODADEZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGDEJIANGHUA》ZHONGSHUO:“ZUNYIHUIYIYIHOU,ZAIMAOZEDONGTONGZHILINGDAOXIA,WOMENDANGJIANLILEYITAOJIANQUANDEDANGDESHENGHUOZHIDU。BIRUMINZHUJIZHONGZHI;TUANJIE—PIPING—TUANJIEDEFANGFA;YANZHEWUZUI、WENZHEZUJIE,CHENGQIANBIHOU、ZHIBINGJIUREN;PIPANCONGYAN、CHULICONGKUAN,BUGAOGUOHUODOUZHENG、WUQINGDAJI;JIANKUPOSU、QIANXUJINSHEN,DENGDENG。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI1JUAN,DI300YE。)ZHEIZHONGPINGJIABENSHEN,DAIBIAOLEDENGXIAOPINGDUIZUNYIHUIYISUOZHUJIUDEJINGSHENCHENGGUODESHENKERENSHI。

  ER、DENGXIAOPINGSHIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEJIANXINGZHE

  DENGXIAOPINGBUJINJIANZHENGLEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDELILIANG,ERQIEZAIZHANGQIDEGEMINGHEJIANSHESHIJIANZHONGJIANXINGLEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN,YIJIDADEZHENGZHIYONGQITIAOZHAN“LIANGGEFANSHI”,TUIDONGSHIXIANLEDANGDELISHISHANGDIERCIWEIDAZHUANZHE,KAICHUANGLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIYE。

  (YI)JIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWU,YIJIDADEYONGQITIAOZHAN“LIANGGEFANSHI”

  JIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWUSHIZUNYIHUIYIHENZHONGYAODEJINGSHENTEZHI。CONG1931NIAN1YUEDANGDELIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIDAO1934NIAN10YUEZHONGYANGHONGJUNBEIPOZHANGZHENG,ZAIDISANCI“ZUO”QINGLUXIANCUOWUTONGZHIXIA,GEMINGLILIANGCENGZAOSHOUJUDASUNSHI。YIMAOZEDONGWEIDAIBIAODEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENTONGGUOZUNYIHUIYI,JIANCHIZHENLI,JISHIDIXIUZHENG“ZUO”QINGCUOWU,QUANMIANKAIQILEDANGYIKAOZIJIDELILIANGXIUZHENGZIJIDECUOWUDELIANGHAOCHUANTONG。

华夏棋牌  “WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUHOU,ZHUCHIZHONGYANGGONGZUODELINGDAOTONGZHITICHULE“LIANGGEFANSHI”DECUOWUSIXIANGLUXIAN,JI“FANSHIMAOZHUXIZUOCHUDEJUECE,WOMENDOUJIANJUEWEIHU,FANSHIMAOZHUXIDEZHISHI,WOMENDOUSHIZHONGBUYUDIZUNXUN”(《XUEHAOWENJIANZHUAZHUGANG》,《RENMINRIBAO》1977NIAN2YUE7RI。)。“LIANGGEFANSHI”DESHIZHISHIJIANCHIMAOZEDONGWANNIANDECUOWU,ZHEIJIANGDADAYANHUANBOLUANFANZHENGDELISHIJINCHENG。DUICI,ZUOWEIZUNYIHUIYIDEQINLIZHE,DENGXIAOPINGBINGCHIZUNYIHUIYIDEGUANGRONGCHUANTONG,YIJIDADELILUNYONGQILVXIANFANDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”。

  1977NIAN4YUE10RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAISHANGWEIHUIFULINGDAOZHIWUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIUZHIXINHUAGUOFENG、YEJIANYINGHEDANGZHONGYANG,ZHENDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DECUOWUFANGZHEN,TICHU:“BIXUSHISHIDAIDAIDIYONGZHUNQUEDEWANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGLAIZHIDAOWOMENQUANDANG、QUANJUNHEQUANGUORENMIN”(《DENGXIAOPINGNIANPU(1975—1997)》(SHANG),ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2004NIAN,DI157YE。)。ZHEILISUOWEIZHUNQUEDE、WANZHENGDEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,JIUSHIBUNENGGOUZHICONGGEBIECIJULAILIJIEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,GENGBUNENGJUNIYUMAOZEDONGDEMOUXIEZHIYANPIANYU。ZHEIXIANRANSHIDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEYONGGANTIAOZHAN。DANGNIAN7YUE,DENGXIAOPINGFUCHUHOUDEDIYICIJIANGHUA,RENGRANQIANGDIAOYAOWANZHENGZHUNQUEDILIJIEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG。TAQIZHIXIANMINGDIFANDUI“LIANGGEFANSHI”DEJIANGHUA,CHENGWEIZHENLIBIAOZHUNDATAOLUNDEXIANSHENG。CIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGYOUTUIDONGLEZHENLIBIAOZHUNDATAOLUN,TONGGUOSHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDENGXILIEZHONGYAOHUIYI,JIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWU,SHIXIANLEDANGHEGUOJIAZHENGZHISHENGHUODEWEIDAZHUANZHE。

  1981NIAN,ZAIDENGXIAOPINGZHUCHIXIAWANCHENGDE《GUANYUJIANGUOYILAIDANGDERUOGANLISHIWENTIDEJUEYI》ZHICHU:“‘JIANCHIZHENLI,XIUZHENGCUOWU’,ZHEISHIWOMENDANGBIXUCAIQUDEBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIDEGENBENLICHANG。GUOQUCAIQUZHEIGELICHANG,CENGSHIWOMENDESHIYEZHUANWEIWEIAN、ZHUANBAIWEISHENG。JINHOUJIXUCAIQUZHEIGELICHANG,BIJIANGYINDAOWOMENQUDEGENGDADESHENGLI。”

  (ER)JIANCHIMINZHUTUANJIE,YIJIANKANGDEFENGQITUIDONGSHIXIANBOLUANFANZHENG

华夏棋牌  HUIFUDANGNEIMINZHU、YINGZAOJIANKANGDEDANGNEISHENGHUOSHIZUNYIHUIYILINGYIGEZHONGYAOJINGSHENTEZHI。TUDIGEMINGZHANZHENGSHIQI,“ZUO”QINGTONGZHIZHEBUJINSHIXINGSIXIANGSHANGDEZHUGUANZHUYI,ERQIEGAOZHENGZHISHANGDEZONGPAIZHUYI,YAZHIDANGNEIDESIXIANGMINZHU,DUICHIBUTONGYIJIANDETONGZHICANKUZHENYA、WUQINGDAJI,YANZHONGPOHUAILEZHENGCHANGDEDANGNEISHENGHUO,SHIZUNYIHUIYICHEDIJIUZHENGLEZHEIYIBULIANGFENGQI。

  “WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUHOU,MIANDUIDANGNEISHENGHUODEZAICIBEIPOHUAI,DENGXIAOPINGBINGCHENGZUNYIHUIYIKAIQIDELIANGHAOFENGQI,ZHUJIANHUIFUDANGNEIDESIXIANGMINZHU。1978NIANXIABANNIAN,MIANDUI“SHIJIANBIAOZHUN”YU“LIANGGEFANSHI”JILIEJIAOFENG,DENGXIAOPINGLIANXUFABIAOZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,ZHICHIHEZHIDAOKAIZHANQUANGUOFANWEIDEZHENLIBIAOZHUNDATAOLUN,BINGTONGZHONGXUANBUFUZERENTANHUA,YAOQIU“BUYAOZAIXIAJINLING、SHEJINQULE,BUYAOZAIBAGANGGANGKAISHIDESHENGDONGHUOPODEZHENGZHIJUMIANXIANGHOULA”,CIHOUYOUTONGHUYAOBANGTANHUA,MINGQUEKENDINGHEZHICHIZHENLIBIAOZHUNWENTIDETAOLUN(《DENGXIAOPINGNIANPU(1975—1997)》(SHANG),DI345YE。)。DANGNIAN11YUEZHI12YUE,JINGDENGXIAOPINGTIYI,WEIQI40DUOTIANDEZHONGYANGGONGZUOHUIYIDUIBAQUANDANGGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOSHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHANGLAIDENGZHONGDAWENTIJINXINGLESHENRUTAOLUN,DENGXIAOPINGZAIBIMUSHISHANGFABIAO《JIEFANGSIXIANG,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN》DEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,QIANGDIAOJIEFANGSIXIANGSHIDANGQIANYIGEZHONGDAZHENGZHIWENTI,MINZHUSHIJIEFANGSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOTIAOJIAN,CHULILISHIYILIUWENTIWEIDESHIXIANGQIANKAN,DENGDENG。JIANGHUABUJINSHIDUIZHENLIBIAOZHUNDATAOLUNDEZONGJIE,SHIJISHANGHAICHENGWEISUIHOUZHAOKAIDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIDEZHUTIBAOGAO,DEDAOLEYUHUIZHEDEZHONGXINYONGHU。ZAIDANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHANG,DENGXIAOPINGCANZHAODANGNIANMAOZEDONGZAIZUNYIHUIYISHANGZHONGDIANJIEJUEJUNSHILUXIANWENTIDEZUOFA,SHOUXIANJIEJUEDANGSHIZUIPOQIEDEBAGONGZUOZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHANGLAIDEWENTI,ZHENGZHISIXIANGWENTIDEJIEJUEHEZHONGYANGZUIGAOCENGDERENSHIDIAOZHENGSHIDAO1981NIANDANGDESHIYIJIELIUZHONGQUANHUICAIZUIZHONGWANCHENGDE。BOLUANFANZHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,DENGXIAOPINGLILUNYEZAIZHUJIANYUNYUHEXINGCHENG。LISHIDIKAN,ZHENGSHIYINWEIZUNYIHUIYIJIDIANLEDANGNEIJIANKANGDEZHENGZHIFENGQI,ERDENGXIAOPINGCHUANCHENGLEZHEIZHONGHAOFENGQI,CAITUIDONGSHIXIANLEDANGDELISHISHANGDIERCIWEIDAZHUANZHE。

  (SAN)JIANCHIDULIZIZHU,YIJIDADEZIXINKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIYE

  DULIZIZHUDIKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESEGEMINGDAOLU,SHIZUNYIHUIYIYOUYIGEZHONGYAOJINGSHENTEZHI。TUDIGEMINGZHANZHENGSHIQI,MAOZEDONGTONGGUOJINGGANGSHAN、ZHONGYANGSUQUDESHIJIAN,YIZHIZAITANSUOYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEGEMINGDAOLU,BINGQUDELEXIANZHUCHENGXIAO,ZHISHIZHEIZHONGTANSUOHOULAIBEI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUTONGZHIFOUDINGLE。SHIZUNYIHUIYIDUIZHEIZHONGFOUDINGJIYUZAIFOUDING,QUANMIANKAICHUANGLEDULIZIZHUDIYONGZHONGGUOBANFAJIEJUEZHONGGUOWENTIDEXINJUMIAN,QUANMIANZOUSHANGLENONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHIZHEITIAOJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEGEMINGDAOLU。SHIZUNYIHUIYIKAIQILEMIANDUIWEIJUBAOCHIDINGLI、JIANDINGXINXIN、YONGCHUANGXINLUDEHAOCHUANTONG,BUJINKENDINGLE“NONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI”DEDAOLUZIXIN,ERQIEKENDINGLE“SHANGOULIYENENGCHUMALIEZHUYI”DELILUNZIXIN。

  “WENHUADAGEMING”JIESHUZHIHOU,DENGXIAOPINGZAIPOCHU“LIANGGEFANSHI”DETONGSHI,MIANDUIZHONGGUOXIANGHECHUQUDEZHONGDAKETI,BINGCHIZUNYIHUIYIKAIQIDEHAOCHUANTONG,BAOCHIDINGLI、JIANDINGXINXIN,BAMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANYUANLIYUZHONGGUOSHIJIXIANGJIEHE,CONGSHIJICHUFAKAIPILEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDAOLU。1979NIAN3YUE30RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAI《JIANCHISIXIANGJIBENYUANZE》ZHONGZHICHU:“GUOQUGAOMINZHUGEMING,YAOSHIHEZHONGGUOQINGKUANG,ZOUMAOZEDONGTONGZHIKAIPIDENONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHIDEDAOLU。XIANZAIGAOJIANSHE,YEYAOSHIHEZHONGGUOQINGKUANG,ZOUCHUYITIAOZHONGGUOSHIDEXIANDAIHUADAOLU。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI2JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1994NIAN,DI163YE。)1982NIAN9YUE1RI,TAYOUZAIDANGDESHIERDAKAIMUCIZHONGZHICHU:“WOMENDEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHE,BIXUCONGZHONGGUODESHIJICHUFA。WULUNSHIGEMINGHAISHIJIANSHE,DOUYAOZHUYIXUEXIHEJIEJIANWAIGUOJINGYAN。DANSHI,ZHAOCHAOZHAOBANBIEGUOJINGYAN、BIEGUOMOSHI,CONGLAIBUNENGDEDAOCHENGGONG。ZHEIFANGMIANWOMENYOUGUOBUSHAOJIAOXUN。BAMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANZHENLITONGWOGUODEJUTISHIJIJIEHEQILAI,ZOUZIJIDEDAOLU,JIANSHEYOUZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYI,ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENZONGJIEZHANGQILISHIJINGYANDECHUDEJIBENJIELUN。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI3JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1993NIAN,DI2—3YE。)CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGJIANG,SHIZUNYIHUIYIDEYOULIANGCHUANTONGCHENGJIULEDENGXIAOPINGDEDAOLUZIXIN,SHIZHEIGEWEIDADEZHENGZHIJIAJIBUFENGBIJIANGHUA,YEBUQUANPANXIHUA,ERSHICONGSHIJICHUFAPUXIEZHONGGUODAOLUDEXINPIANZHANG。

华夏棋牌  SAN、DENGXIAOPINGSHIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEFAZHANZHE

华夏棋牌  ZAIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDEXINSHIQI,DENGXIAOPINGLAOLAOZHUAZHU“SHISHIQIUSHI”ZHEIGEZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEHEXINYAOSU,BINGJIAYITUCHUQIANGDIAOHEDALIHONGYANG,KAIQILEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADIERCILILUNFEIYUEDELISHIJINCHENG,XINGCHENGLEDENGXIAOPINGLILUNZHEIYIXINDEJINGSHENCHENGGUO。

  HUIGUTUDIGEMINGZHANZHENGSHIQI,MAOZEDONGHENZAOJIUTICHU“MEIYOUDIAOCHA,MEIYOUFAYANQUAN”,DANZHEIZHONGSHISHIQIUSHIDEJINGSHENZHISHIZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGDEJUBUFAHUIYOUXIANDEZUOYONG,BINGMEIYOUDEDAO“ZUO”QINGCUOWUZHANTONGZHIDIWEIDEDANGZHONGYANGDEKENDING,GENGBUKENENGSHANGSHENGWEIZHIDAOQUANDANGDESIXIANGLUXIAN。DIWUCIFAN“WEIJIAO”XUEDEJIAOXUNRANGYUELAIYUEDUODERENKAISHIHUAIYI“ZUO”QINGJIAOTIAOZHUYI,KAISHIZHIMIANCANDANDEXIANSHI。ZUNYIHUIYIDENGXILIEHUIYI,BUJINDUI“ZUO”QINGCUOWUDEJUNSHILINGDAOHEZHIHUIJINXINGLESHISHIQIUSHIDEFENXI,WEISHISHIQIUSHISIXIANGLUXIANDEQUELIDIANDINGLEJICHU;ERQIEJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,JISHIGENJUBIANHUALEDEDIQINGDIAOZHENGZUOZHANBUSHU,QUDELESIDUCHISHUIHEZHENGGEZHANGZHENGDEWEIDASHENGLI,BINGZUIZHONGZAIQUANDANGQUELILESHISHIQIUSHIDESIXIANGLUXIAN。LISHIDIKAN,JINGUANZAOQIDEJINGGANGSHANDOUZHENG、ZHONGYANGSUQUGEMINGSHIJIANZHONGYEYOU“SHISHIQIUSHI”DEJINGSHENYAOSU,DANDOUMEIYOUXIANGZAIZUNYIHUIYISHANGZHEIYANG,SHI“SHISHIQIUSHI”DEDIWEIDEDAOTUCHUQIANGDIAOHECHONGFENKENDING,BINGZUIZHONGSHANGSHENGWEIQUANDANGDESIXIANGLUXIAN。ERQIEZHENGSHIJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,CAIZHENZHENGXINGCHENGLEMINZHUTUANJIE、GUQUANDAJUDELIANGHAOFENWEI,CAIZHENZHENGDULIZIZHUDIKAICHUANGLEYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEGEMINGDAOLU。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGJIANG,“SHISHIQIUSHI”SHIZUNYIHUIYIZUIKEGUIDEJINGSHENCAIFU。DENGXIAOPINGZHENGSHILAOLAODIZHUAZHULEZHEIYIDIAN,BINGZAIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDEXINSHIQI,JIANGQIZHONGSHEN、QIANGDIAOWEIDANGDESIXIANGLUXIAN,KAIQILEMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADIERCILILUNFEIYUEDELISHIJINCHENG,XINGCHENGLEDENGXIAOPINGLILUN。“SHISHIQIUSHI”YEYINCICHENGWEIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNDEJINGSUIZHIYI,“SHISHIQIUSHI”ZHEIYIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEHEXINYAOSU,YEJIZAIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNDEXINGCHENGZHONGDEYIFAZHANHEFENGFU。

  SHISHIQIUSHICHENGWEIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNXINGCHENGDELISHIQIDIAN。YAOCONGGENBENSHANGPOCHU“LIANGGEFANSHI”DESIXIANGJINGU,BUJINXUYAOJIDADEYONGQI,ERQIEXUYAOZHENGQUEDEWUQI,ZHEIGEWUQIJIUSHISHISHIQIUSHI。1977NIAN9YUE19RI,DENGXIAOPINGZAI《JIAOYUZHANXIANDEBOLUANFANZHENGWENTI》ZHONGZHICHU:“WOMENYAOZHUNQUEDIWANZHENGDILIJIEMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDETIXI。MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZAIYANANWEIZHONGYANGDANGXIAOTICI,JIUSHI‘SHISHIQIUSHI’SIGEDAZI,ZHEISHIMAOZEDONGZHEXUESIXIANGDEJINGSUI。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI2JUAN,DI67YE。)1978NIAN9YUE16RI,TAZAI《GAOJUMAOZEDONGSIXIANGQIZHI,JIANCHISHISHIQIUSHIDEYUANZE》ZHONGJINYIBUZHICHU:“MAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEJIBENDIANJIUSHISHISHIQIUSHI……MAOZEDONGTONGZHIZHISUOYIWEIDA,NENGBAZHONGGUOGEMINGYINDAODAOSHENGLI,GUIGENDAODI,JIUSHIKAOZHEIGE。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI2JUAN,DI126YE。)1978NIAN12YUE,TAYOUZAI《JIEFANGSIXIANG,SHISHIQIUSHI,TUANJIEYIZHIXIANGQIANKAN》DEZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONGQIANGDIAO:“SHISHIQIUSHI,SHIWUCHANJIEJISHIJIEGUANDEJICHU,SHIMAKESIZHUYIDESIXIANGJICHU。GUOQUWOMENGAOGEMINGSUOQUDEDEYIQIESHENGLI,SHIKAOSHISHIQIUSHI;XIANZAIWOMENYAOSHIXIANSIGEXIANDAIHUA,TONGYANGYAOKAOSHISHIQIUSHI。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI2JUAN,DI143YE。)DENGXIAOPINGYONG“SHISHIQIUSHI”ZHEIGELILUNWUQITIAOZHAN“LIANGGEFANSHI”SIXIANGJINGUDELISHIQIDIAN,TONGSHICHENGWEITAKAICHUANGDENGXIAOPINGLILUNDELISHIXINQIDIAN。

  SHISHIQIUSHICHENGWEIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNXINGCHENGDELUOJIZHUXIAN。ZHIYOUJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,WOMENCAINENGCONGSHIJICHUFA,BAMAKESIZHUYIDEPUBIANYUANLITONGWOGUODEJUTISHIJIJIEHEQILAI,ZOUZIJIDEDAOLU,KAICHUANGYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEGEMINGHEJIANSHEDAOLU,SHIXIANMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUADELILUNFEIYUE。ZAIGAIGEKAIFANGHEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEXINSHIQI,ZHENGSHIJIANCHILESHISHIQIUSHI,DENGXIAOPINGCAIZAI1982NIANDANGDESHIERDASHANGTICHU“ZOUZIJIDEDAOLU,JIANSHEYOUZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYI”;ZHENGSHIJIANCHILESHISHIQIUSHI,DENGXIAOPINGCAIZAIZHIJIEZHIDAOSHISANDABAOGAODEQICAOGUOCHENGZHONG,XITONGCHANSHULEDANGZAISHEHUIZHUYICHUJIJIEDUAN“YIGEZHONGXIN、LIANGGEJIBENDIAN”DEJIBENLUXIAN,MINGQUETICHULEZHONGGUOJINGJI“SANBUZOU”DEFAZHANZHANLVEHEJINGJIZHENGZHITIZHIGAIGEDEJIBENFANGZHEN,XINGCHENGLEDENGXIAOPINGLILUNDEZONGTI“LUNKUO”;ZHENGSHIJIANCHILESHISHIQIUSHI,DENGXIAOPINGCAIZAI1992NIANCHUNFABIAOZHUMINGDE“NANFANGTANHUA”SHISHENKECHANSHULESHEHUIZHUYIDEBENZHI、JIHUAHESHICHANGDEGUANXI、“SANGEYOULIYU”DENG,QIANGDIAOJIANCHI“YIGEZHONGXIN、LIANGGEJIBENDIAN”YIBAINIANBUDONGYAO,QIZHIXIANMINGDIHUIDALEGUANYUSHEHUIZHUYIDEYIXILIEZHONGDAWENTI。ZHENGRUDENGXIAOPINGZIJISUOSHUO:“GUOWAIYOUXIERENGUOQUBAWOKANZUOSHIGAIGEPAI,BABIERENKANZUOSHIBAOSHOUPAI。WOSHIGAIGEPAI,BUCUO;RUGUOYAOSHUOJIANCHISIXIANGJIBENYUANZESHIBAOSHOUPAI,WOYOUSHIBAOSHOUPAI。SUOYI,BIJIAOZHENGQUEDISHUO,WOSHISHISHIQIUSHIPAI。”(《DENGXIAOPINGWENXUAN》DI3JUAN,DI209YE。)XIANRAN,JIANCHISHISHIQIUSHICHENGWEIYITIAOLUOJIZHUXIAN,GUANCHUANYUDENGXIAOPINGTANSUOZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU、CHUANGLIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNDEQUANGUOCHENG。

  SHISHIQIUSHICHENGWEIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNFAZHANDEZHONGYAOFABAO。DENGXIAOPINGQUSHIHOU,DANGCHONGFENYUNYONGSHISHIQIUSHIZHEIGEZHONGYAOFABAO,JIXUTUIJINZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIYE,FENGFUHEFAZHANLEDENGXIAOPINGLILUN,XINGCHENGLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI。QIZHONG,YIJIANGZEMINWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGGAOJUDENGXIAOPINGLILUNWEIDAQIZHI,JIANCHIJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI、YUSHIJUJIN,LINGDAODANGHERENMINJIANLISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,KAICHUANGQUANMIANKAIFANGXINJUMIAN,TUIJINDANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG,CHUANGLILE“SANGEDAIBIAO”ZHONGYAOSIXIANG,FENGFUHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI。YIHUJINTAOWEIZONGSHUJIDEDANGZHONGYANGYIDENGXIAOPINGLILUNHE“SANGEDAIBIAO”ZHONGYAOSIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,JIANCHIJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI、YUSHIJUJIN、QIUZHENWUSHI,ZHELITUIJINKEXUEFAZHAN、CUJINSHEHUIHEXIE,WANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,ZAIQUANMIANJIANSHEXIAOKANGSHEHUISHIJIANZHONGJIANDINGBUYIDIBAGAIGEKAIFANGWEIDASHIYETUIXIANGQIANJIN,CHUANGLIKEXUEFAZHANGUAN,JINYIBUFENGFUHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI。SHIJIANZHENGMING,ZHIYOUJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI,WOMENCAINENGBUDUANKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEXINJINGJIE。

  DANGDESHIBAYIHOU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIJIANCHISHISHIQIUSHI、CONGSHIJICHUFA,WEIRAOGAIGEFAZHANWENDING、NEIZHENGWAIJIAOGUOFANG、ZHIDANGZHIGUOZHIJUNFABIAOLEYIXILIEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,SHENKECHANSHULESHIGUANDANGHEGUOJIAFAZHANDEZHONGDALILUNHESHIJIANWENTI,JIANCHIHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYILILUNTIXI,PUXIELEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXINPIANZHANG。YOUQISHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIKEXUECHANSHIZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHONGGUOMENGDEFENGFUNEIHAN,ZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOSHIXIANZHONGGUOMENGBIXUZOUZHONGGUODAOLU、HONGYANGZHONGGUOJINGSHEN、NINGJUZHONGGUOLILIANGDEZHONGYAOJIANGHUA,RANGWOMENSHENQIETIHUIDAOZAIQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEXINSHIDAI,DALIHONGYANGZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN,GENGYOUQIBIRANXINGHEBIYAOXING。YINWEI,ZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENJIUSHITANSUOZHONGGUODAOLU、ZHUIZHUZHONGGUOMENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEJINGSHENCHUANGZAO,SHIZHONGGUOJINGSHENZAITEDINGSHIKONGBEIJINGXIADEJIZHONGTIXIAN。“TAJIZHONGZHANXIANLEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEYOUXIUPINGE,SHIJIANSHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEDEQIANGDAJINGSHENDONGLI;SHITUIJINSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHITIXIJIANSHEHEZAIXINDELISHITIAOJIANXIATIGAODANGDEJIANSHEKEXUEHUASHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOLISHICANZHAO;TAZUOWEIMINZUJINGSHENDEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN,DUIYUSHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUDEWEIDAFUXINGYETIGONGLELISHIZHIJING。”(SHIZHONGQUAN:《ZAITANZUNYIHUIYI——CHUYIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHEN》,《ZHONGGUOYANANGANBUXUEYUANXUEBAO》2012NIANDI4QI。)BIZHEXIANGXIN,DANGYIDINGHUIZAIZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENDEHONGYANGZHONG,YINLINGZHONGGUORENMINGENGJIAJIANDINGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEDAOLUZIXIN、LILUNZIXIN、ZHIDUZIXIN,GENGJIAJIEFANGSIXIANG、SHISHIQIUSHI、YUSHIJUJIN,WEIZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZUOCHUXINDEGENGDAGONGXIAN。

华夏棋牌  (BENWENZUOZHEXUJING,ZHONGGONGGUIZHOUSHENGWEIDANGSHIYANJIUSHIZHUREN、YANJIUYUAN;DINGFENGMING,ZHONGGONGGUIZHOUSHENGWEIDANGSHIYANJIUSHIBANGONGSHIFUZHUREN)

  (ZHU:BENWENSHIGUOJIASHEKEJIJINTEBIEWEITUOXIANGMU“ZUNYIHUIYIJINGSHENYANJIU”(13@ZH042)DEJIEDUANXINGCHENGGUO。LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLISHIWANG)