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专题研究

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红军东征与运城

发布时间:2017/3/31 17:01:01     浏览次数:2906次

1934NIAN10YUE,YOUYUWANGMING“ZUO”QINGMAOXIANZHUYIDECUOWULINGDAO,YIJIDIQIANGWORUO,ZHONGYANGGEMINGGENJUDIDIWUCI“FANWEIJIAO”ZAODAOSHIBAI,ZHONGYANGHONGJUNZHULIKAISHIZHANGZHENG,BEISHANGKANGRI。1935NIAN1YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHAOKAILEZUNYIHUIYI,JIESHULEWANGMINGLUXIANDETONGZHI,QUELILEMAOZEDONGTONGZHIDELINGDAODIWEI,CONGERZAIZUIWEIXIANDEGUANTOUWANJIULEHONGJUNHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG。HONGJUNLIJINGQIANXINWANKU,ZHONGYUZAI1935NIAN10YUESHENGLIDAODASHANBEIGENJUDI。CONGCI,ZHONGGUOGEMINGZHUANWEIWEIANZOUXIANGSHENGLI。

SHANXIYUSHANBEIJINYIHEZHIGE,SHANXIJINGNEISHANMAILIANMIAN,XIANGUANLINLI,SHIFENYOULIYUWODANGWOJUNLINGDAOKAIZHANDIHOUYOUJIZHANZHENG。ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGHEMAOZEDONGZAOJIUDUIZAISHANXIJIANLIGONGGUDEKANGRIGENJUDIYOUGUOSHEXIANGHEBUSHU。DUHEDONGZHENGZHICHU,MAOZEDONGCENGMINGQUEZHICHU,HONGJUNDONGZHENGZHUYAOSHIKANZHUNLEZAISHANXISHANQUJIANLIKANGRIGENJUDIDEYOULITIAOJIAN,ZHICHUHONGJUNDONGZHENGSHANXISHI“YIFAZHANQIUGONGGU”DEWEIYIZHENGQUEJUEZE。

1936NIAN2YUE,WEILEDATONGKANGRIDETONGDAO,ZAIMAOZEDONG、PENGDEHUAILVLINGXIADEZHONGGUORENMINHONGJUNKANGRIXIANFENGJUN,XIANGQUANGUOFABIAOLE《DONGZHENGXUANYAN》,YIRANTINGJINSHANXI,YITUBEISHANGSUIYUANHEDONGFUHEBEI,SHIXIANDUIRIZHIJIEZUOZHAN。CONG1936NIAN2YUE20RIHONGJUNDONGDUHUANGHE(HONGYIJUNTUANZAISHANXISUIDEGOUKOUDUHE,HONGSHIWUJUNTUANZAIQINGJIANXIANHEKOUDUHE)TUPOTIANXIANJINRUSHANXIKAISHI,JIUTONGZULANHONGJUNKANGRIDEJIANGJIESHI、YANXISHANDEJUNDUIZHANKAILESHUSIBODOU。HONGJUNZAISHANXILISHI75TIAN,ZHUANZHAN50YUXIAN,JIANDI7GETUAN,FULU4000YUREN,JIAOHUOLEDALIANGWUQIDANYAO,CHOUKUAN30WANYINYUAN,ZAI20DUOGEXIANJIANLILESUWEIAIHONGSEZHENGQUANHENONGHUI,SHANXI8000YUMINGREXUEQINGNIANCANJIALEHONGJUN。HOULAIJIANGJIESHIPAIQIZHONGYANGJUN10GESHIJINRUSHANXI,HONGJUNWEIWEIHUKANGRIDAJU,BIMIANSUNSHIGUOLI,SHIXIANTUANJIEKANGRIZHIMUDE,YU5YUE5RIZHUDONGHUISHISHANBEI。

华夏棋牌DONGZHENGHONGJUNCENGTUJINGYUNCHENGDEWENXI、XINJIANG、JISHAN、HEJINSIXIAN,BUJINRANGYUNCHENGRENMINKANDAOLEXIWANG,DIANRANLEYUNCHENGRENMINKANGZHANBISHENGDEJIQINGHEXINXIN,TUIDONGLEYUNCHENGKANGRIJIUWANGYUNDONGDEPENGBOKAIZHAN,HAIDUIDIFANGDANGZUZHIDEHUIFUHEFAZHANCHANSHENGLEZHONGDAERSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。HONGJUNDONGZHENGYISHIJIXINGDONG,KUODALEGONGCHANDANGHEHONGJUNDEYINGXIANG,ZAISHANXIBOXIALEKANGRIDEGEMINGHUOZHONG,WEIHOULAIQUANGUOKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEXINGCHENGHESHANXIKANGRIGENJUDIDEJIANLICHUANGZAOLEYOULIQIJIHETIAOJIAN,SHIZHONGGUOGEMINGZOUXIANGGAOCHAODEYIGEJIQIZHONGYAODELICHENGBEI。

(一)红军东征到新绛

华夏棋牌1936NIAN3YUEZHONGXUN,HONGJUNFENCHENGZUO、ZHONG、YOUSANLUDAJUN,LINBIAODEHONGYIJUNTUANDIERSHIWUTUAN,ZHANGQUNANXIA,YANFENHEXIANJINDIXINJIANG、HOUMA,ERHOUHUISHIXIJIN。GONGKELEXIANGLINGHEHOUMAHOU,XINJIANGYANWANZHENGFUJINGUANCHENGMEN,BURANGQUNZHONGCHURU,BANANGUANYONGYUSHACHANGYEJUZHICHENGWAIBUGUAN,ZAOCHENGLEYONGYUSHACHANGZIBENJIAYUYANWANZHENGFUJIANDEMAODUN。ZHONGGONGXINJIANGDIXIADANGZUZHIDELINGDAOXIA,ZHUAZHUZHEIYIYOULISHIJI,DONGYUANYUZIBENJIAGUANXIHAODEGONGZHANGFANZHONGFASHUOFUYONGYUSHACHANGLAOBANZHANGSHANZHEN,ZHUNBEILEBAIYANG9000KUAI、BAIBU800PI、JIUXI50ZHUO,YINGJIEHONGJUNDEDAOLAI。DIXIAXIANWEISHUJILIYONGXIUPAISHACHANGGONGRENLIXIYUANQUHOUMAJIHONGJUNSONGXIN。HONGJUNDECIXIAOXIHOU,PAIWUSHIMINGMADUILAIDAOXINJIANGXIANNANGUAN,XIANGRENMINQUNZHONGXUANCHUANKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANZHENGCE,FABIAOYANSHUO,SANFACHUANDAN,HUYUTINGZHINEIZHAN,YIZHIKANGRI,BINGQUYONGYUSHACHANGJIESHOULEZHIYUANWUPIN。GUANGDAQUNZHONGCHENGZANHONGJUNJILVYANMING,QIUHAOWUFAN,XUDUOLAORENGANTANSHUO,“WOMENHUOLEQIBASHISUI,JIANGUOXUDUOJUNDUI,HAIMEIJIANGUOZHEIMEHAODEBUDUI”。JIEZHELIYONGXIUYEQUHOUMAYULINBIAOJIELETOU,BINGDAIHUILELINBIAOXIEJIXINJIANGYANWANXIANZHANGDEZHAOJIANGSHU。

华夏棋牌1936NIAN4YUE,HONGJUNZAIHOUMAAIKOUGOU,YUGUOMINDANGJUNJIZHANYICHANG。AIKOUDAZHANSHENGLIHOU,HONGJUNFENGMINGHUISHISHANBEI,LUGUOXINJIANGXIANFENNANSANJIADIANCUN,YANLUXUANCHUANHONGJUNDEZHENGZHIZHUZHANG。WENHOUCUNXIAOXUEJIAOYUANGUOBINGRENWENXIXUN,ZAIGAICUNCUNKOUSHUXIEQIYANJUEJUYISHOU:“MINNIANWUNIANGUOGONGZHAN,GUOJUNDABAIAIKOUSHAN,HONGJUNHUISHIGUOFENNAN,SHENGLIKAIXUANSHIKONGQIAN。”LUGUOXINJIANGXIANLIUYUCUNTINGLIUQIJIAN,HONGJUNDALIFADONGQUNZHONG,XUANCHUANKANGRIJIUGUO,JIJICHOUKUANKUOHONG。GAICUNQINGNIANNINGXILIN、ZHANGDUXINDENGRENCISHICANJIALEHONGJUN。HONGJUNCONGLIUYUCUNDAOJISHANXIANXIWEICUNSHI,YEYOU3MINGQINGNIANJIARU。

HONGJUNDONGZHENGZAIXINJIANGDEHUODONGZAIXINJIANGBOXIALEGEMINGDEHUOZHONG,RANGGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGKANDAOLEGONGCHANDANG、HONGJUNQUANXINDEGEMINGZHEXINGXIANGHEGEMINGDUIWUDEXIONGZI,SHIDEGEMINGHUODONGZAIXINJIANGXUNSUFAZHAN。XINJIANGDANGZUZHIBUSHISHIJIDIHEZIJIDEBUDUIQUDELIANXI,JINLEZIJIZUIDADENENGLIZHIYUANHONGJUN,BAZIJIZUIYOUXIUDEERNVSONGDAOLEBUDUI,ZAIDANGDELISHISHANGLIUXIALEBAOGUIDEYIBI。

(二)红军东征到稷山

华夏棋牌1936NIAN4YUE8RI,HONGJUNDONGZHENGTUJINGJISHAN,ZAISANJIEZHUANG、FANJIAZHUANG、RENYI、XIABO、JIAYU、XIADI、WUZHU、WEILINDENGCUNZHENSHELIZHUDIAN。JINCUNZHIHOU,DONGZHENGHONGJUNZHUYAOBANSANJIANSHI。DIYIJIANSHISHIXUANCHUANKANGRIZHUZHANG。TAMENTIZHEMOTONG,SHUAXIEBIAOYU,ZHANGTIEBUGAO,SANFACHUANDAN,XUANCHUANZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEKANGRIZHUZHANG,TONGSHIHAIBANGZHUQUNZHONGTIAOSHUIKANCHAI,HEQUNZHONGHEQIXIANGCHU,BUSUNHAIQUNZHONGCAIWU,YONGZISHENDEYANXINGSUZAOZHEHONGJUNZAIBAIXINGXINZHONGDEXINGXIANG。DIERJIANSHISHIKAICANGJIPIN。DONGZHENGHONGJUNZHUCUNLEJIEQINGKUANGZHIHOU,YIBANDOUHUIZHAOKAIQUNZHONGDAHUI,RANGQUNZHONGJIEFADIZHUZUIXING,BANGZHUQUNZHONGPIPANZHANGQIYAPOTAMENDEDADIZHU、DAEBA,DAKAIDIZHUDELIANGCANG,JIANGLIANGSHI、CAIWUFAJIQUEYISHAOSHIDEPINKUNONGMIN。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,HONGJUNZAIJISHANFENBEIDE43GECUNZHENGONGFAFANG139HUDIZHU7500SHIYISHANGDELIANGSHI,YIWUGENGSHIWUFAJISHU,GUANGSHIZAIBODONGYAOLUOKEHUANJIA,YIFUJIULAZOULESANDACHE,WUCHENGWUMENERYIJIA,DONGXIBAIMANLEYIMIAOYUAN。DISANJIANSHISHIJIDIZHUKANGRIPAIKUAN。DONGZHENGHONGJUNDUIZUIDAEJIDEDADIZHUCHULEKAICANGJIPINWAI,HAIGENJUTAMENDEJIACAIZHUANGKUANGPAIKUAN,YAOQIUTAMENNACHULISUONENGJIDEKANGRIKUANXIANG。FANSHIDANGCHANGJIAOKUANDELIJISHIFANGHUIJIA,TUIWEIBUJIAODE,HONGJUNJIUBATAMENDAIZOU,YIBANLIANGSANTIANHOUSHIFANG,HAICHUJUELESHAOSHUMINFENJIDADEEBA。

ZAIJISHAN,YANXISHANDEGONGDAOTUAN、FANGGONGBAOWEITUANJIDIZHUFANDONGWUZHUANGYUHONGJUNYEDUOCIZUOZHAN,QITUDALUANDONGZHENGHONGJUNDEJIHUA。1936NIAN4YUE11RIFUXIAO,YIGUGUOMINDANGJUNCONGGANQUANCUNDONGSHUNJIANCAODAODAFOSIHOUJIAYUCUNBEI,QITUTOUXIHONGJUN,HONGJUNZAOYIJUECHA,LIUXIAXIAOBUFENBINGLI,DABUBINGLIRAODAOXIABOCUN,JIANGGUOMINDANGJUNBAOWEI,CHUQIBUYIDASIDIERSHIYURENHOULIJICHETUI。DIYUANBINGGANDAOHOUYIZHONGJIQIANG、ZHUIJIPAOMIJISHEJISANGEZHIGAODIAN,JIANGTAISHANGMIAODESHIBEIDACHENGSUIPIAN,BOSHUDACHENGJIDUAN。HONGJUNDOUZHISHIYAOQINAHAN,OUERHUIJI,SHIDIBUGANQIANJIN。GUOMINDANGJUNJINGGUOYIZHENGTIANMIJISHEJIHOUCAIGANCHONGSHANGTAISHANMIAO,DANHONGJUNZAOYICHETUI。

HONGJUNZAIJISHANTINGZHUDERENSHUBUDUO,CANJIATAISHANMIAO、WEILINGOU、WULIQIAOZHANDOUDEZHANSHIBUGUOBAIREN,QUEYIZAIZUJILEHAOCHENGJIANGJIESHIDIXIBUDUIDETANGENBOSHI、WENGGUOHUALV。

(三)红军东征到河津

1936NIAN4YUE9RI,HONGJUNXIANQIANDUIJINDIJISHANDEXIADI、XIXUE、DISHICUN,HEJINXIWANGCUN。CIRI,HONGYIJUNTUANDIYISHIDIYITUAN,ZAITUANZHANGCHENZHENGXIANG、ZHENGWEILUOYUANFALVLINGXIA,YOUXIXIAN、FENCHENG、XINJIANG、JISHANJINRUHEJINXIAN,ZHUZHAZAIHUANGCUN、XIWANG、FANCUNHEBIANSHANYIDAICUNZHUANG。

HONGJUNXINGDONGSHENSU,RUSHENBINGTIANJIANG,DIZHUSHENSHIJINGHUANGWANZHUANG,YANXIANZHENGFURENYUANDOUZUOHAOLESUISHIHUAZHUANGQIANTAODEZHUNBEI。DANGDIDIZHULAOCAIZEXIEDAIJIAJUAN、CAIWUFENFENPAOJINXIANCHENG,DUOZAIXIANCHENGDEFUHUDA60DUOHU。SHOUYANXISHANDEFANGONGXUANCHUANYINGXIANG,YIXIEBUMINGZHENXIANGDEQUNZHONG,YELIKAIJIAYUANDUOBIHONGJUN。

HONGJUNJINZHUDANGDI,BUSUNHAIQUNZHONGLIYI,BANGZHUQUNZHONGDANSHUISAOYUAN,XIANGQUNZHONGXUANCHUANHONGJUNSHIRENMINDEZIDIBING,ZHUANDARIBENQINLVEZHEHEHANJIANMAIGUOZEI。HONGJUNYIZIJIYANGEDEJILVJIAOYUQUNZHONG,WAITAOQUNZHONGLUXUFANHUI。BEILICUNYOUGELIXINGDEDADIZHU,PINGSHIDUINONGMINQIAOQUHAODUO,QIYABAIXING,MINFENJIDA。ZAIHONGJUNZHUCHIXIA,TAJIACANGKUBEIDAKAI,YIDAPIQUECHISHAOCHUANDEQIONGKUQUNZHONGDEDAOLEJIUJI。TONGGUOYUHONGJUNDEJIECHU,QUNZHONGRENSHIDAOHONGJUNSHIPINKUBAIXINGDEJUNDUI,FENHELIANGANRENMINZHENXINYONGHUHONGJUN。ZAIWAIDIGONGZUODEGONGCHANDIXIADANGYUANYAOWUFUZHUANCHENGGANHUILAI,YUHONGJUNQUDELIANXI,ZOUJIACHUANHU,XUANCHUANKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANZHUZHANG,XIAOCHUQUNZHONGDUIHONGJUNWUJIE,DONGYUANQUNZHONGCANJIAHONGJUN,DUANSHIJIANBAOMINGCANJIAHONGJUNDEQINGNIANDA50DUOREN。

HONGJUNZAIHEJINXIANHAIZHAOKAILEZHUIDAOGONGCHANDANGYUANDENGGUODONGLIESHIDAHUI。DENGGUODONG,HEJINDONGHUANGCUNREN,SHISHANXISHENGJIAOZAODEGONGCHANDANGYUAN。1924NIANZAITAIYUANCONGSHIDANGDEGEMINGHUODONG,1927NIANHUIDAOJINNANKAIPIDANGDEGONGZUO。1928NIANBEIDIRENZHUABU,TONGNIAN12YUEZAIYANXISHANDEJIANYUXISHENG。ZHEIWEIGONGCHANDANGYUANCENGQUANFUQINMIANQUPINKUNONGMINDEDIZU、SHAOHUIFANGZHAIQIYUEDESHI,ZAOYISHENRURENXIN。HONGJUNJUXINGDENGGUODONGLIESHIJINIANHUISHI,CANJIADAHUIDEYOU1WANDUOREN。ZHEIGEJINIANHUODONG,FADONGLEQUNZHONG,MIQIELEHONGJUNYUQUNZHONGDEGUANXI。

HONGJUNZAIDANGDIYUYANXISHANDEGONGDAOTUAN、FANGGONGBAOWEITUANJIDIZHUFANDONGWUZHUANGDUOCIJIAOFENG。ZHUZAIDONGYUMIAODEYANJUN,JIEDIXINGYOULI,YUHONGJUNDUIZHI。HONGJUNPAIBAIYUMINGQIBINGDUIYUHUIBAOCHAO,MENGDAMENGGONG,XIAOMIELEZHEIGUDIREN,QIANGZHANLEDONGYUMIAO。ZHEISHI,JIANGYANGOUJIE,QITUZULANWEIJIANHONGJUN,JIANGJIESHIDIAOTANGENBODEDISISHIYIDAOJISHANZHAIDIANZHEN,BINGXIANGBEIYIDONG。WEILEBIMIANDAGUIMODENEIZHAN,XIAOHAOKANGRISHENGLIJUN,HONGJUNFENGMINGBEICHE。JUZILIAOJIZAI,HONGYIJUNTUANDIYISHIDIYITUANYU4YUE14RICONGXIWEIKOUSHANGSHANJINRULVLIANGDIQU,HONGYIJUNTUANDIYISHIDULISHISANTUAN,ZAITUANZHANGZHUSHUIQIU、ZHENGWEIHUANGZHENTANGDELVLINGXIA,YEYOUDISHI、XIXUE、SHICE、XIWANG,JINGBEILI、FANCUN,SHUNLICHEHUILVLIANGSHANQU,HUISHISHANBEI。

华夏棋牌1936NIAN4YUEXIAXUN,HONGJUNHUISHIHOU,HEJINWANGUXIANZHANGHAIPENGYUNTUIXINGFANDONGDE“SAOHONG”ZHENGCE,SHENGCHENGMEIZHUADAOYIGEGONGCHANDANGRENSHANGYINYANG100YUAN。ZHEIGEFANDONGZHENGCEZHUZHANGLELUANDENGKUIDENGFANDONGGUGANDEQIYAN,TAMENZHIPAIZHUAYADAOCHUZHUAREN,BUZUOZHENGSHISHENPAN,YOUDEZHIZUOJIANDANSHENWEN,JIXUANBUQIWEI“GONGFEI”,SHENZHIYUYIXIETAONANHUOTAOFANDEWAIDIRENDOUBEIZHIWEI“GONGFEI”MITAN。HUANGCUNDE11MINGWAIDIGULESHOUJIUSHIYINGUSHANGYOUHONGBUERZAOSHAHAI。CIHOUFANSHENSHANGYOUHONGXIAN、HONGBUYIJIXIHONGKUDAIZHE,JUNSHIWEI“GONGDANGMITAN”。DUANDUANJIGEYUE,37MINGWUGUQUNZHONGBEISHAHAI。

(四)红军东征到闻喜

DONGZHENGHONGJUNTUJINGWENXIDELIYUAN、DONGZHENYIDAI,SHIJIANSUIRANBUZHANG,QUEJIWENXIRENMINLIUXIALESHENKEJIYI。1936NIAN4YUE25RIFUXIAO,4MINGDONGZHENGHONGJUNQIBINGSHOUTICHONGFENGQIANG,YAOGUASHOULIUDAN,CONGHOUMACHIRUWENXIJINGNEI,DUIZHUZHAZAIDONGZHENDEJIANGYANJUNDUIFADONGLETOUXI。DANGSHI,JIANGJIESHIYIGEYINGDEZHONGYANGJUN(SHICHENGNANJUN)HEYANXISHANDEYIXIEDIFANGJUN(SHICHENGBEIJUN)ZHENGZAIHUOCHEZHANNEICAOLIAN。HONGJUNZHANSHILIYONGKONGDIWAIMIANDEDUANQIANGZUOYANTI,YIXUNLEIBUJIYANERZHISHI,XIANGDIRENFAQIMENGGONG。SHASHIJIAN,SHOULIUDAN、CHONGFENGQIANGYIQISHEXIANGDIREN。YIWAIDEGONGJI,SHIDIRENLUANZUOYITUAN。DENGTAMENHUIGUOSHENLAI,4MINGHONGJUNQIBINGZAOYIYANGDAOKUAMAXIANGBEIFEICHIERQU。DIRENLIKEPAICHU10YUMINGSHIBINGKAIHUOCHETOU,XIANGBEIZHUIGAN。HONGJUNQIBINGYANGONGLUBENCHI,YOUDIQIANXING,DIRENBUZHISHIJI,JIADASUDUZHUIGAN。JICHETOUKAIDAOLIYUANWENDIANCUNDONGDIDUAN,HURANQIANMIANCHUXIANLEWAHAODEYINBIDAKENG,DIRENCHACHEBUJI,LIANRENDAICHE,FANJINKENGNEI。SHIXIANMAIFUHAODE8MINGHONGJUNZHANSHI,KANZHUNSHIJINAHANZHECHONGSHAGUOQU,DANGCHANGJIBIDIJUN3REN,QIYURENDENGZETIAOXIAHUOCHETOUSICHUTAOMING。HONGJUNZHANSHIDUISHANGSHIXIANZHUNBEIHAODECHAICAO,FANGHUOSHAOLECHETOU,KAIXUANBEIQU。

GEMINGHUOZHONGYONGBUXIMIE,HONGJUNJINGSHENXINHUOXIANGCHUAN。DONGZHENGHONGJUNTUJINGWENXI,BUJINRANGWENXIRENMINKANDAOLEXIWANG,DIANRANLEWENXIRENMINKANGZHANBISHENGDEJIQINGHEXINXIN,TUIDONGLEWENXIKANGRIJIUWANGYUNDONGDEPENGBOKAIZHAN,HAIDUIWENXIDIFANGDANGZUZHIDEHUIFUHEFAZHANCHANSHENGLEZHONGDAERSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。HONGJUNZAIWENXIMAIXIADEGEMINGHUOZHONG,YOULITUIDONGLEWENXIDIFANGKANGRIWUZHUANGDEJIANLI,WEIYIHOUKANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQIWENXIJIANLIZHONGTIAOSHANHEJILUKANGRIGENJUDIDAXIALEJIANSHIJICHU。

(五)东征红军对运城党组织的影响——建立红军晋南游击队

1936NIANCHUN,WEILEPEIHEHONGJUNDONGZHENG,YIJIAKANGJIE、JINZHANGGENGWEISHOUDEHEDONGZHONGXINXIANWEI,ZUZHIQUNZHONGZAIXIAXIANZHIWENXIDEYANSHANLINGYIDAICUNZHUANG,ZHANGTIEHESANFACHUANDANBIAOYU,GEDIANXIAN、CHUBUGAO,BINGZAIYIXIESHANTOUCHASHANGHONGQI,YIYINGJIEDONGDUHONGJUN。

1936年4月12日,红军东征回师路过运城,为打开晋南革命斗争新局面,长期与上级党组织失去联系的运城党组织,也积极活动策应红军东征。4月16日,嘉康杰在夏县东交口村召集金长庚、冯仰异、梁福才、曹金海等开会,决定成立红军晋南游击队。会后他们组织原河东游击队员和贫苦农民50余人,在4月18日晚举行了武装起义,成立了红军晋南游击队。红军晋南游击队负责人嘉康杰,队长冯仰异,副队长梁福才,他们连夜袭击了尉郭镇五区区公所,吓跑了区公所防共保卫团,还沿街张贴“分粮食、烧契约”等标语,并将一面由梁福才妻子王焕娥精心制作的镰刀锤头旗帜插上了村南的玉帝庙。4月21日夜晚,游击队又袭击了二区区公所王家河,缴获了4只手枪和一些弹药。接着还在中条山区广泛开展了“分粮食、烧契约”活动,公开处决地主、恶霸高广仁、高光德兄弟,影响波及闻喜、垣曲、平陆等县,吓得夏县县长用土封城门,白天也不敢放行。5月初,红军因战略转移离开运城。蒋军汤恩伯一部配合夏县、垣曲县反动警察局、区警、民团等“围剿”游击队,游击队成立不到10天即惨遭失败,大队长冯仰异、副队长梁福才和游击队员13人被杀,70多名群众被害,嘉康杰被悬赏千元通缉。此次斗争扩大了红军东征的影响,锻炼了运城党组织队伍,使以嘉康杰为首的运城党组织更加重视群众工作。

华夏棋牌(CANYUKETIREN:ZHANGJIANGUO、XUWENYAO、YANGHAILIN、JIANGTING、ZHANGHUI)